There is nothing more alluring than the
beauty of the natural stone. A continuous increase can be seen in the demand
of these stones, leading to a tremendous increas in their business across
the globe. Modern technology is being used to offer superior processes and
finishing to these stones. Various natural stones trade shows, sandstone
expos, heavy stone machinery trade fairs etc., are being conducted to
attract various natural stone specialists, machinery and equipment
developers etc. India is one of the largest processor of various kinds of
stone that cater to the construction needs globally. From Rs. 12,845.1
million export in 1996- 97, we now have an export revenue of over Rs.
26,146.0. India produces / processes over 27% of the stone produced in the
world and export over 11% of the world stone exports. India is primarily
known for it's vast resources of natural stones spread across the length &
breadth of the country's geography.
Natural Stones from India
India is the home of exquisite natural
stones. Indian natural stones have been used for centuries in constructing
architectural marvels not only in India but other parts of world too. Almost
all varieties of most popular natural stones are available in India. Some of
them are marble, sandstone, granite, limestone, travertine, quartz and
slate. The deposits of these natural stones are situated across the entire
length and breadth of India, where the variety or type varies greatly from
state to state. A brief overview of natural stone availability in India is
Marble Reserves & Availability : A wide variety of Marbles with
different surface appearance is available mostly in Western part of India in
states of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Granite Reserves & Availability : It is an estimate that about
25% of world's total granite deposit is available in India. Maximum
concentration of deposits is recorded in Southern Peninsula at Karnataka,
Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Recent surveys and findings reveal
granite sources in Eastern, Western and North Western India i.e., at
Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Orissa.
Sandstone Reserves & Availability : Sandstone deposits in India
is widespread mainly in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
Slate Reserves & Availability : The slate stone deposits are
mainly found in Rajasthan and sparingly in Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil
Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
Limestone Reserves & Availability : Limestone reserves are found
in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.
Disambiguated Data of Natural Stones in India
The varied topography of central
highlands and major Plateaus of India blesses the country with a variety of
natural stones in different parts. The different varieties of stones and
their kinds are given below :
Rajasthan is an eminent place in India when it comes to
quarrying and mining. Due to its unique landforms, the state has not only a
huge reserve of natural stones but also the finest varieties in terms of
appearance and pattens. The prominent ones are :
Andhra Pradesh :
- Marble Makrana, Rajsamand, Udaipur, Banswara, Jaipur
- Slate stone
- Flaggy Limestones
Andhra Pradesh has rich reserves of Granite and is
the largest producer of the same. Most part of the state have quarries for
Granite. Only some of these quarries in the world have deposits of rare and
exclusive blue and white granite. The details of the natural stone found in
Andhra Pradesh are given as follows :
Tamil Nadu :
- Granite Jet Black, Black Galaxy, Blue, White
- Flaggy Limestone
Tamil Nadu is a prominent place for quarrying in India
because of two reasons. First, the state has some finest deposits of granite
and other natural stone. Second, it has international seaport with excellent
export infrastructure, facilitating an effective shipment for international
destinations. The most abundant natural stones in the state are :
- Granite Black, Blue, White variants
Karnataka has rich deposits of granites in varieties.
The textures and colours of the granites available in Karnataka make them
very much suitable for ornamental purposes. Famous granite stones extracted
from the state include :
Other States :
- Pink Granite
- Grey granite
- Pink migmatic granite
Apart from these states Orissa, Gujarat, and Madhay
Pradesh are among the major producers of various types of natural stones.
The other states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh
also have quarries with fair enough deposits of natural stones.